Understanding the Different Types of Home Insulation

home insulationWhen it comes to insulating your home, there are many different types of insulation options to choose from. Each type of insulation has a specific installation method and advantage over other types of insulation. This article will discuss some of the most common types of insulation products, their advantages, installation methods and where they should be installed.

Blanket Insulation

Blanket insulation can be made of fiberglass, rock wool or plastic fibers. This type of insulation is used in floors, ceilings and between wall studs. It is relatively inexpensive and can easily be installed by a homeowner. The blanket insulation may have a paper backing that acts as a vapor barrier.

Foam Board Insulation

Foam board insulation is made of polystyrene or polyurethane. This type of insulation can be installed in foundation walls, floors, ceilings and unvented roofs. It offers high insulation value (R-value) and is thin. This type of insulation is installed continuously over the joist or frame of the home as an added layer of insulation.

Blown In Insulation

Blown in insulation is made of fiberglass, rock wool or cellulose. This type of insulation is perfect for finished areas and odd-shaped areas that need extra insulation. It can be installed in unfinished attics, wall cavities and other hard to reach areas. The insulation can be installed using specialized equipment or poured into the area. A homeowner can rent the equipment to install blown in insulation or a contractor can be hired to complete the project.

Spray Insulation

This type of insulation is contained in bottles. When the insulation is sprayed into the area, it expands to fill any openings in the home. It can be used in open wall cavities, attics and basements where traditional insulation batts will not fit. This insulation can be installed by a homeowner.

Rigid Fiber Insulation

Rigid fiber insulation is made of either rock wool or fiberglass. This type of insulation can withstand high temperatures and is used to insulate heating ducts in the home. This insulation is typically installed by HVAC contractors.

Structural Insulated Panels

Structural insulated panels are foam boards that are installed as a home is being built. These panels are used in unfinished walls, floors, ceiling and roofs and are considered superior to other types of construction methods. The panels are fit together to form the walls and roof of a new construction.

This article has explained the different types of home insulation products available to homeowners and contractors. Each of these methods has their own unique set of benefits. Some can be installed by the homeowner, others must be installed by a contractor.